Anatomic Pathology Residency Program

The Anatomic Pathology Residency Program at the University of Minnesota is designed to provide broad exposure to basic and applied aspects of veterinary pathology and to prepare the trainee for a career in veterinary pathology and diagnostic medicineResidents successfully completing the program are qualified to take the ACVP Board examination. 

Residents who complete our program are qualified to take the ACVP Board examination

Pathology residents develop skills in gross pathology and histopathology by participating in a busy diagnostic laboratory service. These basic pathology skills are supplemented by training in clinical and comparative pathology, as well as population-based diagnostic medicine. 

Residents also participate in pathology teaching for the veterinary student pathology laboratories and instruct senior veterinary students on necropsy rotations. Residents are expected to actively participate in weekly seminars in gross, microscopic, production animal meetings, clinical pathology, and other specialty pathology rounds. 

How to apply and full residency description

Our faculty

A diverse faculty comprised of 12 ACVP certified anatomic or clinical pathologists and 6 production animal diagnosticians support this program. 


The caseload includes a wide variety of domestic, wild and exotic animals, birds, and laboratory rodents submitted to the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory and the Masonic Cancer Center Comparative Pathology Shared Resource.  The total diagnostic case load is predominantly composed of production animal submissions (swine, bovine and poultry).

Opportunities after completing the program

After completion of the residency program, qualified individuals may pursue focused research training leading to the PhD degree through the institution’s NIH-funded T32 post-doctoral training program in Comparative Medicine and Pathology.

Current Residents

Christopher Bolt, BVM&S

Dr. Chris Bolt attended veterinary school at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. After graduating in 2015 he worked in small animal emergency and general practice in Salt Lake City, Utah before making the jump into Pathology due to his interest in the background processes of the diseases and other problems that he saw in practice. Dr. Bolt joined the University of Minnesota anatomic pathology residency program in July of 2019. His professional interests include oncology, infectious disease, and diagnostic pathology.

Emma Torii, BVSc, MANZCVS (Pathobiology)

Dr. Emma Torii graduated veterinary school at the University of Sydney in Australia in December 2013. Upon graduating she worked as a small animal general practitioner for a few years, before starting a veterinary pathology trainee position at the James Cook University. She then worked at the Elizabeth MacArthur Agricultural Institute State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory in Australia for a few months before joining the University of Minnesota anatomic pathology residency program in July 2019. She is excited to advance her skills and knowledge in anatomic pathology, with particular interests in companion animal pathology, infectious diseases and diagnostic pathology.

Hilary Flockhart, DVM

Dr. Hilary Flockhart attended the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine where she graduated in May of 2020. She will also be completing her Master of Public Health from the University of Minnesota School of Public Health. Prior to veterinary school, Dr. Flockhart worked at a Certified Veterinary Technician in small animal general practice and shelter medicine. She joined the University of Minnesota anatomic pathology program in July 2020. Her professional interests include diagnostic and toxicologic pathology, infectious and foreign animal disease and production animal herd health management.

Steven Debrincat,, BAnimSc, BVSc

Dr Debrincat graduated with a bachelor of Veterinary Science from the University of Melbourne in 2009. While completing his degree, he also undertook a year of research at the Adelaide Zoo studying antioxidant capacities in a population of wild wombats and continued to volunteer at the zoo for a couple of years after completing his degree. He worked in Australia and abroad as a small animal practitioner in emergency and referral hospitals and also as a primary care clinician, before joining the University of Minnesota anatomic pathology residency program in July 2020. His interests include diagnostic pathology for companion animals and investigating wildlife health to aid in conservation.

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